Tent Pitching: Wall Tents

Section I – Tent, Fire-Resistant, Wall, Small, O.D.

1. Spindle
2. 18 x Lines, Tent, 2′ 6″, sewed-2-end, ¼” dia. (Door Fastener) (Stock No. 24-L-470)
3. Stovepipe openings
4. 18 x Lines, Tent, 2′ 6″, sewed-2-end, ¼” dia. (Door Wall Line) (Stock No. 24-L-470)
5. 10 x Lines, Tent, 8′, w/eye, ¼” dia. (Eave Line) (Stock No. 24-L-515)
6. 18 x Lines, Tent, Foot Stop, ¼” dia. (Stock No. 24-L-448)
7. Wall lines
8. 10 x Pins, Tent, 24″ (24-P-59)
18 x Pins, Tent, 16″ (24-P-49)
4 x Lines, Tent, 4′ 6″, sewed-2-end, ¼” dia. (Lacing Line) (Stock No. 24-L-490)
10 x Slips, Tent, Wire (Stock No. 24-S-1070)
2 Poles, Tent, Upright, 9′ (Stock No. 24-P-253)
1 x Poles, Tent, Ridge, 9′, Wall, Small (Stock No. 24-P-114)
2 Lines, Tent, 3′ 4″, sewed-1-end, ¼” dia. (Door Flap Line) (Stock No. 24-L-479-50)

Purpose:
The normal use of this tent is for the shelter of Officers when in the field and not in combat. It has a capacity of two individuals. When necessary, this tent may also be used as a small storage tent.

Characteristics:
a. This tent is 8 feet 10 inches wide, 9 feet 2 inches long and 8 feet 6 inches high.
b. The floor space is approximately 80 square feet.
c. It is an A-type, square-end tent, rectangular in shape.
d. The top, side walls, and all reinforcements are made of 12.29-ounce duck and the sod cloth is made of 9.85-ounce duck. This tent comes in one section.
e. This tent has a ridge height of 8 feet 6 inches and a wall height of 3 feet 9 inches. This gives a pitch of 4 feet 9 inches.
f. It has a slit in each end section which overlaps to form doors.
g. One Tent Stove, M-1941, with accessories is used for heating this tent. There are two stovepipe opening built into this tent, one at each end near the point where the slit forming the door meets the ridge line. This permits the stove be located either end of this tent.
h. This tent is ventilated by rolling up the side walls and also by opening the slits which form doors at each end of the tent. When not in use, the stovepipe opening may be used as ventilators.

Section II – Tent, Fire-Resistant, Wall, Large, O.D.

1. Spindle
2. Stovepipe openings
3. 22 x Lines, Tent, 2′ 6″, sewed-2-end, ¼” dia. (Door Fastener) (Stock No. 24-L-470)
4. Wall Lines
5. 4 x Poles, Tent, Upright, 4′ 9″ (Stock No. 24-P-235)
6. 14 x Lines, Tent, 9′, w/eye, 5/16″ dia. (Eave Line) (Stock No. 24-L-535)
7. 18 x Pins, Tent, 24″ (24-P-59)
8. 2 x Lines, Tent, 2′ 6″, sewed-2-end, ¼” dia. (Door-Wall Line) (Stock No. 24-L-470)
9. 2 x Lines, Tent, 45′, sewed-2-end, cut splice in center, 5/16″ dia. (Guy Line) (Stock No. 24-L-590)
10. 26 x Lines, Tent, Foot Stop, ¼” dia. (Foot Stop) (Stock No. 24-L-448)
2 x Poles, Tent, Upright, 12′, Complete, Jointed (Stock No. 24-P-266)
1 x Poles, Tent, Ridge, 14′ 2″, Complete, Jointed (Stock No. 24-P-150)
26 x Pins, Tent, 16″ (Stock No. 24-P-49)
18 x Slips, Tent, Wire (Stock No. 24-S-1070)
2 x Lines, Tent, 3′ 4″, sewed-1-end, ¼” dia. (Extension Cloth Line) (Stock No. 24-L-479-50)
2 x Lines, Tent, 3′ 4″, sewed-1-end, ¼” dia. (Door Flap Line) (Stock No. 24-L-479-50)
4 x Lines, Tent, 6′, sewed-2-end, ¼” dia. (Lacing Line) (Stock No. 24-L-500)

Purpose:
Normally this tent will be used either as an Officers’ Mess or as an office in Battalion and higher headquarters when so authorized. It may, however, be used for the storage of supplies or for the quartering of personnel. When used for quartering personnel, its capacity is 8 men without a stove and 6 men with a stove installed. It has a normal capacity, when used for mess purposes, of 20 to 22 men, depending on whether tables 8 ½ or 10 feet long are used. When equipped with folding camp tables for office purposes, it has a capacity of approximately 12 men.

Characteristics:
a. This tent is 14 feet 6 inches wide, 15 feet 2¼ inches long, and 11 feet high.
b. The floor space is 203 square feet.
c. It is an A-type, square-end tent, which is rectangular in shape. It comes in one section.
d. The top, side walls, and all reinforcements are made of 12.29-ounce duck and the sod cloth is made of 9.85-ounce duck.
e. It has a ridge height of 11 feet and a wall height of 4 feet 6 inches, which gives a pitch of 6 feet 6 inches.
f. Doors are formed by slits in the middle of each end section, which are overlapped. These are tied with rope door fasteners.
g. A fly, measuring 21 feet 6 inches by 14 feet 5 inches, is available as a separate item of issue when authorized. It is very simple to pitch and strike and serves adequately as a field kitchen.
It is often erected against the rear of a kitchen truck. The cooking is then done in the truck and the food is served under the fly.
h. One Tent Stove, M-1941, with accessories, is used to heat this tent.
i. There are two ventilator openings, also used as stovepipe openings built into this tent. They are protected by means of canvas flaps.

Section III – Tent, Fire-Resistant, Storage, O.D.

1. 2 x Spindle
2. Stovepipe openings
3. 18 x Lines, Tent, 2′ 6″, sewed-2-end, ¼” dia. (Door Fastener or Door Wall Line) (Stock No. 24-L-470)
4. 6 x Lines, Tent, 6′, sewed-2-end, ¼” dia. (Lacing Line) (Stock No. 24-L-500)
5. Wall Lines
6. 8 x Poles, Tent, Upright, 5′ 5″ (Stock No. 24-P-240)
7. 36 x Lines, Tent, Foot Stop, ¼” dia. (Foot Stop) (StockNo. 24-L-448)
8. 2 x Lines, Tent, 48′, sewed-2-end, cut splice in center, 5/16″ dia. (Guy Line) (Stock No. 24-L-605)
9. 24 x Pins, Tent, 24″ (Stock No. 24-P-59)
10. 20 x Lines, Tent, 10′, w/eye, 5/16″ dia. (Eave Line) (Stock No. 24-L-540)
3 x Poles, Tent, Upright, 13′, Complete, Jointed (Stock No. 24-P-273)
1 x Poles, Tent, Ridge, 20′ 3½”, Jointed (Stock No. 24-P-220)
36 x Pins, Tent, 16″ (Stock No. 24-P-49)
42 x Slips, Tent, Wire (Stock No. 24-S-1070
2 x Lines, Tent, 3′ 4″, sewed-1-end, ¼” dia. (Extension Cloth Line) (Stock No. 24-L-479-50)
2 x Lines, Tent, 3′ 4″, sewed-1-end, ¼” dia. (Door Flap Line) (Stock No. 24-L-479-50)

Purpose:
The normal purpose of this tent is for storage of supplies in the field when other shelter is not provided. This tent may be used for the quartering of personnel. When used for this purpose, it has a capacity of 10 individuals. It is a limited standard item of issue and will eventually replaced by the Squad Tent.

Characteristics:
a. This tent is 17 feet 10 inches wide, 20 feet 5 inches long, 13 feet high.
b. The floor space is approximately 358 square feet.
c. It is an A-type, square-end tent, rectangular in shape.
d. The top, side walls, and all reinforcements are made of 12.29-ounce duck and the sod cloth is made of 9.85-ounce duck. The whole tent is fabricated in one piece. The walls are split at all four corners for the purpose of lacing. It can be erected with or without a ridge pole.
e. It has a ridge height of 13 feet and a wall height of 5 feet 2 inches, which gives a pitch of 7 feet 10 inches.
f. This tent has two doors which are formed by a split in the corner of each end section or wall.
g. One Tent Stove, M-1941, with accessories, is used to heat this tent. There are two stovepipe openings, one built into each end of the Storage Tent. When they are not in use for this purpose, they may be employed as ventilators.
h. When the stovepipe openings cannot be used to provide ventilation because the stove is installed, or do not provide sufficient ventilation, this tent is ventilated by rolling up the side walls and opening the ends.

Section IV – Pitching and Striking Wall Tents

Troops demonstrate the pitching of a Tent, Fire-Resistant, Wall, Small, O.D.

Pitching:

The Officer or Noncommissioned Officer in charge selects suitable ground. He indicates the direction in which the tent is to face, the line on which the tent is to be placed, and the position of the door pin. It requires approximately 20 minutes for four men to pitch the Large and Small Wall Tents, and 30 minutes for eight men to erect the Storage Tent.

  1. Drive a pin to mark the center door.
  2. Spread the tent on the ground it is to occupy, placing the door foot stops over the door pin.
  3. Draw the front corners taut, align, and pin down.
  4. Lace the rear door, if there is one.
  5. Draw the rear corners taught in both directions and pin down.
  6. Drive the four eave line pins on each corner in prolongation of the diagonals of the tent and about two paces beyond the corner pin.
  7. Loosen the front door.
  8. Loosen the two corner foot stops from the corner pins on one side only.
  9. Insert the ridge pole between the ventilation strip and the tent ridge.
  10. Insert the spindle of the upright poles in the ridge pole and in the grommets of the tent.
  11. Raise the tent and hold it in position.
  12. Replace the two loosened corner foot stops and secure and tighten the guy lines to hold the poles vertical.
  13. Drive the wall pins through the foot stops as they hang, and finally, drive intermediate eave-line pins in alignment with the eave-line pins already drive.

Striking:

  1. Remove all pins, except those of the four eave lines on the corners and the corner wall pins on the down-wind side, and place in a receptacle.
  2. Have the men unfasten the guy lines and hold them while the tent is being lowered.
  3. Lower the tent down wind.
  4. Remove the poles and remaining corner wall pins. Fasten the poles together and collect the remaining pins.

Folding:

  1. Spread the tent flat on the ground, folded at the ridge so that the bottoms of the side walls are even, the sod cloth folded under, and the ends of the tent forming triangles to the right and left.
  2. Fold in the bottom of the wall approximately one foot.
  3. Fold the triangular ends of the tent toward the middle to form a rectangle.
  4. Fold the top over about 9 inches.
  5. Fold the tent again by carrying the top fold over to the foot, and again from the top to the foot.
  6. Throw all the eave and guy lines onto the tent except the second eave line from each end.
  7. Fold the ends in so as to cover about two-thirds of the width of the second panel.
  8. Double the left fold over the number of times required to bring the resulting bundle into position 3 to 5 inches from the right fold.
  9. Place the right fold in position on top completing the bundle.
  10. Tie the bundle with the two exposed eave lines.

Related Articles:

Describes the correct way to pitch, strike and fold the WWII M1934 Pyramidal Tent, as prescribed in FM 20-15: Tents and Tent Pitching.

Describes the correct way to pitch, strike and fold the WWII Shelter Tent (both types), as prescribed in FM 20-15: Tents and Tent Pitching.

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