Horseshoer (094) Enlisted Personnel

Shoes Army horses and mules to protect feet from breaking, in such a manner as to interfere as little as possible with the naturals gaits of the animal.
Makes preliminary examination of the animal as to gait, conformation of legs, and size, shape, and general condition of feet to determine the correct method of shoeing. Removes old horseshoe carefully, using clinch cutter and pinchers, and avoids injury to the hoof. Prepares hoof for shoeing by trimming and leveling the sole, using farrier's knife and horseshoer's rasp. Estimates size and weight of horseshoe to be used and reshapes to fit individual hoof by heating in forge and hammering to desired conformation on the anvil. Makes trial fittings when horseshoe is cold. Attaches horseshoe to hoof by driving horseshoe nails through the sole of hoof in such a manner as to protrude through the side wall surface. Cuts end of nails close to wall of hoof, using clippers, and secures horseshoes by clinching end of nails. Performs other blacksmithing work such as repairing or making metal parts used in the organization.
Uses such tools as anvil, clinch cutter, portable forge, hammers, farrier's knife, fullering iron, cutting nippers, farrier's pinchers, hoof-parer, tongs, horsehsoer's rasp, pritchel, and vise.
Must be able to relieve pressure on injured or sensitive hoof areas and to correct faulty gaits in animals by corrective shoeing. In exceptional cases, may be required to hand-forge a shoe from an iron bar.